Def Method Volume I, by Jarrod Cagwin. Kalamış Music Publishing, Istanbul. 2013
Jarrod Cagwin Music Publishing, 2020
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A method book for the oriental tambourine known as Def in Turkish, more commonly known as Riqq in Arabic. This guide pertains primarily to the application of the instrument to the small rhythmic cycles found in Turkish classical music (Usûller). Additionally, technical development exercises are included to further dexterity, musicality, and artistry with the instrument. Volume I focuses on the Açik (Open) playing position, incorporating the use of Ziller (cymbals) with Düm, Tek, Hand Strike, and zil shaking patterns. Detailed diagrams demonstrate proper posture, grip, and finger technique for producing the various sounds from the instrument.