An étude composed for a 55 cm Eckermann Mizhar, it is a piece that explores the sonic possibilities of a single natural skinned frame drum. It utilizes various intricate hand techniques to achieve a variety of sound textures from the drum, including controlling overtone resonance and harmonic frequencies. The performer must be acutely aware of his/her posture, breathing, balance, and tension control to achieve maximum tone and musicality. The Mizhar is a frame drum typically found in music from the Middle East and the Mahgreb. This composition, however, places the instrument outside the bounds of its traditional usage.
This composition was originally commissioned and performed by Rumi Ogawa of the Ensemble Modern, Frankfurt, 2006.